Radiotherapy is an exclusively local or loco-regional treatment (when the lymph nodes close to the tumor are included), that is, it works only in the place where the tumor is found. Scientific and technological advances have allowed radiotherapy treatment to be carried out with great precision, preserving and minimizing side effects on healthy tissues.
It serves to attack as many cancer cells as possible with the least damage to the healthy tissue around the tumor. It is used to treat cancer of the breast, prostate, head and neck, bladder, lung, Hodgkin’s disease, among others.
It is a process that acts on the tumor, gradually destroying malignant cells, preventing the tumor from growing and invading other tissues. Healthy tissues around the tumor will receive low doses of radiation, but these tissues can be efficiently repaired.
Radiotherapy treatment usually lasts between two to seven weeks, this will depend on the dose administered as well as the total number of sessions. Each session lasts only a few minutes, although it can be variable according to the technique used.
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